The spatiotemporal coordination of actin regulators in the lamellipodium determines the dynamics and architecture of branched F-actin networks during cell migration. The WAVE complex, effector of Rac1 during cell protrusion, is concentrated at the lamellipodium tip. Yet, correlation of Rho GTPases activation with cycles of membrane protrusions, suggested that Rac1 activation is not synchronized with membrane protrusion and occurs behind the lamellipodium. However, RhoA activation is maximal at the cell edge and synchronized with edge progression. Combining single protein tracking (SPT) and super-resolution imaging with loss- or gain-of-function of Rho GTPases mutants, we demonstrate that Rac1 immobilizations at the lamellipodium tip are correlated with Rac1 activation, on the contrary to RhoA. We show that Rac1 effector WAVE and Rac1 regulator IRSp53 accumulate at the lamellipodium tip by membrane free-diffusion and trapping. Nevertheless, wild-type Rac1, which directly interacts with WAVE and IRSp53, only displays slower diffusion at the lamellipodium tip, suggesting fast local activation/inactivation cycles. Local optogenetic activation of Rac1, triggered by Tiam1 membrane recruitment, proves that Rac1 activation must occur at the lamellipodium tip and not behind the lamellipodium to trigger efficient membrane protrusion. Furthermore, coupling tracking with optogenetic activation of Rac1 demonstrates that Rac1-WT diffusive properties are unchanged despite enhanced lamellipodium protrusion. Taken together, our results support a model where Rac1 is rapidly switching between activation and inhibition at the lamellipodium tip, ensuring a local and fast control of Rac1 actions on its targets.