Sister chromatids are held together from their replication until mitosis. Sister chromatid cohesion is mediated by the ring-shaped cohesin complex and it is thought that cohesin holds sister chromatids together by entrapping sister DNAs within the cohesin ring (Haering et al., 2008). However, how this occurs is not well understood. Because cohesin binds to DNA prior to replication it is possible that the replication fork passes through the lumen of the ring thereby placing replicated sisters inside cohesin rings. If this is the case, loading of cohesin in the G1 phase may be sufficient to build cohesion. We show here that Scc2, a cohesin subunit required for loading cohesin onto chromosomes de novo, is necessary for establishment of cohesion even after Scc2-mediated loading has already taken place during late G1 or early S phase. Our results challenge a previous conclusion based on related experiments whereby Scc2 was found not to be required for cohesion establishment during S phase (Lengronne et al., 2006).