Cryogenic correlated light and electron microscopy (cryo-CLEM) is a valuable tool for studying biological processes in situ. In cryo-CLEM, a target protein of interest is tagged with a fluorophore and the location of the corresponding fluorescent signal is used to identify the structure in low-contrast but feature-rich cryo-EM images. To date, cryo-CLEM studies of mammalian cells have relied on very bright organic dyes or fluorescent protein tags concentrated in virus particles. Here we describe a method to expand the application of cryo-CLEM to cells harboring genetically-encoded fluorescent proteins. We discovered that a variety of mammalian cells exhibit strong punctate autofluorescence when imaged under cryogenic conditions (80K). Compared to fluorescent protein tags, these sources of autofluorescence exhibit a broader spectrum of fluorescence, which we exploited to develop a simple, robust approach to discriminate between the two. We validate this method in INS-1E cells using a mitochondrial marker, and apply it to study the ultrastructural variability of secretory granules in a near-native state within intact INS-1E pancreatic cells by high-resolution 3D electron cryotomography.