Systemic delivery of nucleic acids to the central nervous system (CNS) is a major challenge for the development of RNA interference-based therapeutics due to absence of stability, target specificity, non-permeability to the blood-brain barrier (BBB), and mainly due to lack of suitable carriers. Using a designed bi-functional fusion protein TARBP-BTP, very recently we demonstrated knockdown of target genes in the brain of both AβPP-PS1 (Alzheimer′s disease, AD) and wildtype mice upon systemic delivery of a single dose of siRNA. In this report, we further substantiate this hypothesis through an extended study in AβPP-PS1 mice, which upon treatment with seven doses of β-secretase APP cleaving Enzyme 1 (BACE1) siRNA, led to target-specific effects in the mouse brain. Concomitant gene silencing and consequent reduction in plaque load in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus (>60%) in mice treated with TARBP-BTP: siRNA complex further led to improvement in spatial learning and memory, which was assessed and verified through Morris Water Maze test that revealed significant improvement in cognitive function. Moreover, the treatment did not induce any adverse effects as revealed by the histopathology of different organs. The work validates the efficiency of TARBP-BTP fusion protein as an efficient mediator of RNAi giving considerable scope for future intervention of neurodegenerative disorders of the CNS through the use of short nucleic acids as gene specific inhibitors.