Objective: Performance of noninvasive prenatal screening (NIPS) methodologies when applied to low fetal fraction samples is not well established. The single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) method fails samples below a predetermined fetal fraction threshold, whereas some laboratories employing the whole-genome sequencing (WGS) method report aneuploidy calls for all samples. Here, the performance of the two methods was compared to determine which approach actually detects more fetal aneuploidies. Methods: Computational models were parameterized with up-to-date published data and used to compare the performance of the two methods at calling common fetal trisomies (T21, T18, T13) at low fetal fractions. Furthermore, clinical experience data were reviewed to determine aneuploidy detection rates based on compliance with recent invasive screening recommendations. Results: The SNP method's performance is dependent on the origin of the trisomy, and is lowest for the most common trisomies (maternal M1 nondisjunction). Consequently, the SNP method cannot maintain acceptable performance at fetal fractions below ~3%. In contrast, the WGS method maintains high specificity independent of fetal fraction and has > 80% sensitivity for trisomies in low fetal fraction samples. Conclusion: The WGS method will detect more aneuploidies below the fetal fraction threshold at which many labs issue a no-call result, avoiding unnecessary invasive procedures.