Purpose of the study: Breast cancer is the most common cause of malignancy mortality in women worldwide. This study aimed at localising homologous recombination repair (HR) genes and their chromosomal loci and correlating their nucleotide variants with susceptibility to breast cancer. In this study authors analysed the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in homologous recombination repair genes and the incidence of breast cancer in the population of Polish women. Methods: Blood samples from 94 breast cancer patients were analysed as test group. Individuals were recruited into the study at the Department of Oncological Surgery and Breast Diseases of the Institute of the Polish Mother Memorial Hospital in Lodz, Poland. Healthy controls (n=500) were obtained from the Biobank Laboratory, Department of Molecular Biophysics, University of Lodz. Then, DNA of breast cancer patients was compared with one of disease-free women. The test was supported by microarray analysis. Results: Statistically significant correlations were identified between breast cancer and 3 not described previously single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of homologous recombination repair genes BRCA1 and BRCA2: rs59004709, rs4986852 and rs1799950. Conclusions: Further studies on larger groups are warranted to support the hypothesis of correlation between the above-mentioned genetic variants and breast cancer risk.