Background: A healthy immune system requires immune cells that adapt rapidly to environmental challenges. This phenotypic plasticity can be mediated by transcriptional and epigenetic variability. Results: We applied a novel analytical approach to measure and compare transcriptional and epigenetic variability genome-wide across CD14+CD16- monocytes, CD66b+CD16+ neutrophils, and CD4+CD45RA+ naive T cells, from the same 125 healthy individuals. We discovered substantially increased variability in neutrophils compared to monocytes and T cells. In neutrophils, genes with hypervariable expression were found to be implicated in key immune pathways and to associate with cellular properties and environmental exposure. We also observed increased sex-specific gene expression differences in neutrophils. Neutrophil-specific DNA methylation hypervariable sites were enriched at dynamic chromatin regions and active enhancers. Conclusions: Our data highlight the importance of transcriptional and epigenetic variability for the neutrophils' key role as the first responders to inflammatory stimuli. We provide a resource to enable further functional studies into the plasticity of immune cells, which can be accessed from: http://blueprint-dev.bioinfo.cnio.es/WP10/hypervariability.